May 7, 2019 Deep Dives in the Garden, Gerard van Swieten, Rochester Parks Commission, RHS Radish Trial, Henry Teuscher, Bartram's Garden, Rabindranath Tagore, Penelope Lively, Life in the Garden, Garden Trials, and Charles Darwin

The Daily Gardener

0:00
09:56
10
10

May 7, 2019 Deep Dives in the Garden, Gerard van Swieten, Rochester Parks Commission, RHS Radish Trial, Henry Teuscher, Bartram's Garden, Rabindranath Tagore, Penelope Lively, Life in the Garden, Garden Trials, and Charles Darwin

The Daily Gardener

Deep dives.   Gardeners love to fall in love with particular plants.   We can fall so hard, that we tune out other possibilities for our gardens.   Then, in a fascinating twist, our deep dives can suddenly stop.   As is often the case, those deep dives can be followed by a pivot.   I started out as a shrub gardener. Then, I made a pivot to annuals and ornamentals and had nary a shrub in my garden.   Then I was anti-annual.   Then I moved into herbs and edibles.   Now I'm a little bit of everything.   Deep dives and pivots. Part of the process of growing a gardener.       Brevities   #OTD  It's the birthday of the Dutch botanist Gerard van Swieten, born on this day in 1700. In 1740, Maria Theresa inherited the Habsburg Empire. When it came to medicine, Austria was about 200 years behind its European neighbors. Maria Theresa acted quickly, recruiting the best available medical experts to her court. Gerard van Swieten was one of the most important people she brought to Vienna.  By May 1745, the Van Swieten family had sold all their belongings in the Netherlands and traveled to Vienna. Van Swieten laid the foundation for Austria's medical institutions. He totally reorganized the medical faculty of the University of Vienna; adding a botanical garden and a chemical laboratory, each headed by a professor.  Swieten published, in Latin, five volumes on the writings of Boerhaave; the work influenced medical practice throughout Europe. It also contained the first description of episodic cluster headache. Swieten exchanged letters with Linnaeus on botanical matters for over a decade. He named his youngest daughter, Maria Theresia after the Empress, who was also her godmother. His son Godfried would become famous in his own right as Austrian ambassador and patron of great classical composers such as Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. One fascinating story about Swieten was his role in fighting superstition during the enlightenment, specifically with regard to vampires.  In 1755 the Empress sent Swieten to Serbia to investigate. Swieten viewed the vampire myth as a "barbarism of ignorance" and his aim was to completely crush it.    In 1768 "that all the fuss .... [comes from] vain fear, a superstitious credulity, a dark and eventful imagination, simplicity and ignorance among the people."   Based on Swieten's report, Maria Theresa issue a decree that banned all traditional defences to vampires being put to the stakes, beheaded and burned.   The genus of mahogany, Swietenia,was named after Swieten.       #OTD in 1888, the first organizational meeting of the Rochester Parks Commission was held in Rochester, New York.  They decided to invite the great American landscape architect, Frederick Law Olmsted to design a park system for the city. In fact, Rochester was the last municipal park system designed by the renowned Olmsted. Charles Sprague Sargent, the first director of Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum, called Rochester "a city in a forest." Trees have been a vital part of Rochester since the city's founding. It was essentially an impenetrable forest when the first settlers arrived. In early Rochester, trees were so plentiful that early settlers built roads from them. Rochester's Plank Road, now paved, is a nod to the road's original construction.     #OTD  On this day in 1901, the Fruit and Vegetable Committee reviewed 16 stocks of radish in Drill Hall as part of the Royal Horticultural Society's trial of salad plants at Chiswick. All of the radish were sown in a cold frame on March 7. Except on cold nights the lights were not put on the frames.  1. Early Gem ''. Veitch).-Ready for use April 29. Roots longish oval, scarlet, tipped with white. Foliage moderate. A very crisp and pleasant-flavored variety. 2. Ever Tender (R. Veitch).-Same as No. 3. 3. Gem (Barr).-Distinct from No. 1, being rounder, paler scarlet, but ready for use at the same time, and similar in foliage and flavor. 4. Krewson's Oblong Black (Masters).-Not true. Roots white. 5. Lily White (R. Veitch).-Ready for use April 30. Roots long, white. Foliage short and distinct. Crisp, and of very good flavor. 6. Mortlake Gem (Carter).-Ready for use April 29. Roots turnip-shaped, white, beautifully speckled and mottled with scarlet. Foliage very short. Crisp, and of good flavor. A very pretty variety. 7. Olive-shaped Extra Early Scarlet (J. Veitch). Ready for use April 26. Roots deep round or olive-shaped. Foliage short. Excellent in all respects, and one of the earliest and best. This variety is the same as “Deep Scarlet Olive-shaped,” which received a F.C.C. April 21, 1897. 8. Olive-shaped Extra Early White (J. Veitch).-Ready for use April 26. A white form of No. 7, and equally good and early. (Syn.) “Forcing White Olive-shaped" and “ First of All White,” which received A.M. May 10, 1898. 9. Olive-shaped Jewel for use. April 29. , Roots oblong, deep scarlet. Foliage remarkably short. Crisp and of good flavor. (Syn.) “Olive-shaped Bright Red,” which received A.M. May 5, 1896. This variety is also known as “Leafless,” probably from the exceeding smallness of the foliage. 10. Scarlet Queen (Barr).-Ready for use April 30. Roots long, scarlet tipped with white. Foliage rather large. Crisp and sweet in flavor. 11. Triumph (J. Veitch).-Same as No. 6. 12. Turnip-shaped Extra Early Scarlet (J. Veitch).-Ready for use April 26. Roots scarlet. Foliage very short. Crisp and of excellent flavor; one of the best and earliest. 13. Turnip-shaped Extra Early White (J. Veitch).-Ready for use April 29. A white form of No. 12, but three ays later in com ing into use.  14. Turnip-shaped Early White (Barr). Same as No. 13. 15. Turnip-shaped (Barr).-Ready for use April 26. Roots deep, round, scarlet. Foliage very short. Crisp and excellent. Very similar to No. 7. 16. Wood's Frame White (R. Veitch). Ready for use April 30. A white form of the well-known Wood's Frame.   #OTD On this day in 1936, Henry Teuscher arranged for the first sod was cut in preparing the space for the Montreal Botanical Garden.   Teuscher had been appointed superintendent and chief horticulturalist of the future Montreal Botanical Garden. A visionary, Teuscher began dreaming of an ideal botanical garden. By fall, Teuscher had hired 2,000 unemployed men through Quebec government's unemployment assistance program to get building underway.  By 1939, the administration building, production greenhouses, roads, and two lakes had been installed.    WWII brought challenges for Teuscher that extended outside of the garden. A German, Teuscher was accused of being aspy for the Nazis.  Although he was declared innocent, the accusations took a toll. In 1956, Teauscher was there to see the opening of his greenhouses, the realization of his dream for the garden.        #OTD On this day in 2015, Bartram’s Garden, in Philadelphia, was designated an American Society for Horticultural Science (ASHS) Horticultural Landmark.   The prestigious award commemorates sites of horticultural accomplishments selected for historical, scientific, environmental, and aesthetic value. Bartram’s joins an elite group of ASHS Horticultural Landmarks. The award was first presented to Monticello, home of President Thomas Jefferson. Other recipients include Longwood Gardens, Missouri Botanical Garden, New York Botanical Garden, Arnold Arboretum, and Fairchild Botanical Garden.   How were Bartram’s Gardens preserved?     Andrew McCalla Eastwick (1806-1879) an engineer and the inventor of the steam shovel, made sure the historic garden was kept intact.  Eastwick had banked a personal mint after building railroads for Czar Nicholas I of Russia.  In 1850, he bought the 46-acre Bartram estate from John Bartram’s granddaughter; Ann Bartram Carr.   Unlike the fate of many old homes, Eastwick decided not to tear down the existing house.  Instead, he kept the Bartram family homestead as a memorial, building his own mansion beside Bartrams. He vowed not to harm “one bush” planted by the Bartrams.       Unearthed Words   "Trees are the earth's endless effort to speak to the listening heaven." ~ Rabindranath Tagore, born on this day in 1861   Today's book recommendation: Life in the Garden by Penelope Lively Penelope Lively takes up her key themes of time and memory, and her lifelong passions for art, literature, and gardening in this philosophical and poetic memoir. From the courtyards of her childhood home in Cairo to a family cottage in Somerset, to her own gardens in Oxford and London, Lively conducts an expert tour, taking us from Eden to Sissinghurst and into her own backyard, traversing the lives of writers like Virginia Woolf and Philip Larkin while imparting her own sly and spare wisdom. "Her body of work proves that certain themes never go out of fashion," writes the New York Times Book Review, as true of this beautiful volume as of the rest of the Lively canon. Lively said, "To garden is to elide past, present, and future; it is a defiance of time." Today's Garden Chore Trial something this year. Experiment with a few new varieties. Notice the differences. If you've ever seen the movie Runaway Bride, with Julia Roberts, there's a scene where she (Maggie) and Richard Gere (Ike) are arguing about eggs. Throughout the movie, Ike has been interviewing her former fiancés. He'd ask them how Maggie liked her eggs cooked. Maggie never formulated her own opinion, she just ordered whatever her fiancé ordered. Take basil.  How can you know if you prefer Mammoth or Purple Ruffles until you've grown or cooked with both? Whatever plants you think you love, the odds are good you'll love a variation of it even more.     Something Sweet  Reviving the little botanic spark in your heart In 1855, Darwin wrote to William Darwin Fox I am rather low today about all my experiments,—everything has been going wrong—the fan-tails have picked the feathers out of the Pouters in their Journey home—the fish at the Zoological Gardens after eating seeds would spit them all out again—Seeds will sink in salt-water—all nature is perverse & will not do as I wish it, & just at present I wish I had the old Barnacles to work at & nothing new.   It was just a bad day. 23 years later - in 1878 on this day, he wrote to Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer "At present I care for nothing in this wide world except the biology of seedling plants."       Thanks for listening to the daily gardener, and remember: "For a happy, healthy life, garden every day."

Episodes
Date
Duration
Recommended episodes :

October 14, 2021 Ron Kujawski, Tad Lincoln, Katherine Mansfield, Pulp Fiction, Eva Ibbotson, Seeking Eden by Staci Catron and Mary Eaddy,...

The Daily Gardener

October 13, 2021 Bringing Plants Back Inside, Victor Hugo, Clinton Scollard, Mark Vitosh, G. K. Chesterton, The Flower Recipe Book by...

The Daily Gardener

October 12, 2021 Top Trees For Fall Color, Berthe Hoola van Nooten, George Washington Cable, Cecil Frances Alexander, Terri Irwin, Carving...

The Daily Gardener

The podcast The Daily Gardener has been added to your home screen.

Deep dives.   Gardeners love to fall in love with particular plants.   We can fall so hard, that we tune out other possibilities for our gardens.   Then, in a fascinating twist, our deep dives can suddenly stop.   As is often the case, those deep dives can be followed by a pivot.   I started out as a shrub gardener. Then, I made a pivot to annuals and ornamentals and had nary a shrub in my garden.   Then I was anti-annual.   Then I moved into herbs and edibles.   Now I'm a little bit of everything.   Deep dives and pivots. Part of the process of growing a gardener.       Brevities   #OTD  It's the birthday of the Dutch botanist Gerard van Swieten, born on this day in 1700. In 1740, Maria Theresa inherited the Habsburg Empire. When it came to medicine, Austria was about 200 years behind its European neighbors. Maria Theresa acted quickly, recruiting the best available medical experts to her court. Gerard van Swieten was one of the most important people she brought to Vienna.  By May 1745, the Van Swieten family had sold all their belongings in the Netherlands and traveled to Vienna. Van Swieten laid the foundation for Austria's medical institutions. He totally reorganized the medical faculty of the University of Vienna; adding a botanical garden and a chemical laboratory, each headed by a professor.  Swieten published, in Latin, five volumes on the writings of Boerhaave; the work influenced medical practice throughout Europe. It also contained the first description of episodic cluster headache. Swieten exchanged letters with Linnaeus on botanical matters for over a decade. He named his youngest daughter, Maria Theresia after the Empress, who was also her godmother. His son Godfried would become famous in his own right as Austrian ambassador and patron of great classical composers such as Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. One fascinating story about Swieten was his role in fighting superstition during the enlightenment, specifically with regard to vampires.  In 1755 the Empress sent Swieten to Serbia to investigate. Swieten viewed the vampire myth as a "barbarism of ignorance" and his aim was to completely crush it.    In 1768 "that all the fuss .... [comes from] vain fear, a superstitious credulity, a dark and eventful imagination, simplicity and ignorance among the people."   Based on Swieten's report, Maria Theresa issue a decree that banned all traditional defences to vampires being put to the stakes, beheaded and burned.   The genus of mahogany, Swietenia,was named after Swieten.       #OTD in 1888, the first organizational meeting of the Rochester Parks Commission was held in Rochester, New York.  They decided to invite the great American landscape architect, Frederick Law Olmsted to design a park system for the city. In fact, Rochester was the last municipal park system designed by the renowned Olmsted. Charles Sprague Sargent, the first director of Harvard University's Arnold Arboretum, called Rochester "a city in a forest." Trees have been a vital part of Rochester since the city's founding. It was essentially an impenetrable forest when the first settlers arrived. In early Rochester, trees were so plentiful that early settlers built roads from them. Rochester's Plank Road, now paved, is a nod to the road's original construction.     #OTD  On this day in 1901, the Fruit and Vegetable Committee reviewed 16 stocks of radish in Drill Hall as part of the Royal Horticultural Society's trial of salad plants at Chiswick. All of the radish were sown in a cold frame on March 7. Except on cold nights the lights were not put on the frames.  1. Early Gem ''. Veitch).-Ready for use April 29. Roots longish oval, scarlet, tipped with white. Foliage moderate. A very crisp and pleasant-flavored variety. 2. Ever Tender (R. Veitch).-Same as No. 3. 3. Gem (Barr).-Distinct from No. 1, being rounder, paler scarlet, but ready for use at the same time, and similar in foliage and flavor. 4. Krewson's Oblong Black (Masters).-Not true. Roots white. 5. Lily White (R. Veitch).-Ready for use April 30. Roots long, white. Foliage short and distinct. Crisp, and of very good flavor. 6. Mortlake Gem (Carter).-Ready for use April 29. Roots turnip-shaped, white, beautifully speckled and mottled with scarlet. Foliage very short. Crisp, and of good flavor. A very pretty variety. 7. Olive-shaped Extra Early Scarlet (J. Veitch). Ready for use April 26. Roots deep round or olive-shaped. Foliage short. Excellent in all respects, and one of the earliest and best. This variety is the same as “Deep Scarlet Olive-shaped,” which received a F.C.C. April 21, 1897. 8. Olive-shaped Extra Early White (J. Veitch).-Ready for use April 26. A white form of No. 7, and equally good and early. (Syn.) “Forcing White Olive-shaped" and “ First of All White,” which received A.M. May 10, 1898. 9. Olive-shaped Jewel for use. April 29. , Roots oblong, deep scarlet. Foliage remarkably short. Crisp and of good flavor. (Syn.) “Olive-shaped Bright Red,” which received A.M. May 5, 1896. This variety is also known as “Leafless,” probably from the exceeding smallness of the foliage. 10. Scarlet Queen (Barr).-Ready for use April 30. Roots long, scarlet tipped with white. Foliage rather large. Crisp and sweet in flavor. 11. Triumph (J. Veitch).-Same as No. 6. 12. Turnip-shaped Extra Early Scarlet (J. Veitch).-Ready for use April 26. Roots scarlet. Foliage very short. Crisp and of excellent flavor; one of the best and earliest. 13. Turnip-shaped Extra Early White (J. Veitch).-Ready for use April 29. A white form of No. 12, but three ays later in com ing into use.  14. Turnip-shaped Early White (Barr). Same as No. 13. 15. Turnip-shaped (Barr).-Ready for use April 26. Roots deep, round, scarlet. Foliage very short. Crisp and excellent. Very similar to No. 7. 16. Wood's Frame White (R. Veitch). Ready for use April 30. A white form of the well-known Wood's Frame.   #OTD On this day in 1936, Henry Teuscher arranged for the first sod was cut in preparing the space for the Montreal Botanical Garden.   Teuscher had been appointed superintendent and chief horticulturalist of the future Montreal Botanical Garden. A visionary, Teuscher began dreaming of an ideal botanical garden. By fall, Teuscher had hired 2,000 unemployed men through Quebec government's unemployment assistance program to get building underway.  By 1939, the administration building, production greenhouses, roads, and two lakes had been installed.    WWII brought challenges for Teuscher that extended outside of the garden. A German, Teuscher was accused of being aspy for the Nazis.  Although he was declared innocent, the accusations took a toll. In 1956, Teauscher was there to see the opening of his greenhouses, the realization of his dream for the garden.        #OTD On this day in 2015, Bartram’s Garden, in Philadelphia, was designated an American Society for Horticultural Science (ASHS) Horticultural Landmark.   The prestigious award commemorates sites of horticultural accomplishments selected for historical, scientific, environmental, and aesthetic value. Bartram’s joins an elite group of ASHS Horticultural Landmarks. The award was first presented to Monticello, home of President Thomas Jefferson. Other recipients include Longwood Gardens, Missouri Botanical Garden, New York Botanical Garden, Arnold Arboretum, and Fairchild Botanical Garden.   How were Bartram’s Gardens preserved?     Andrew McCalla Eastwick (1806-1879) an engineer and the inventor of the steam shovel, made sure the historic garden was kept intact.  Eastwick had banked a personal mint after building railroads for Czar Nicholas I of Russia.  In 1850, he bought the 46-acre Bartram estate from John Bartram’s granddaughter; Ann Bartram Carr.   Unlike the fate of many old homes, Eastwick decided not to tear down the existing house.  Instead, he kept the Bartram family homestead as a memorial, building his own mansion beside Bartrams. He vowed not to harm “one bush” planted by the Bartrams.       Unearthed Words   "Trees are the earth's endless effort to speak to the listening heaven." ~ Rabindranath Tagore, born on this day in 1861   Today's book recommendation: Life in the Garden by Penelope Lively Penelope Lively takes up her key themes of time and memory, and her lifelong passions for art, literature, and gardening in this philosophical and poetic memoir. From the courtyards of her childhood home in Cairo to a family cottage in Somerset, to her own gardens in Oxford and London, Lively conducts an expert tour, taking us from Eden to Sissinghurst and into her own backyard, traversing the lives of writers like Virginia Woolf and Philip Larkin while imparting her own sly and spare wisdom. "Her body of work proves that certain themes never go out of fashion," writes the New York Times Book Review, as true of this beautiful volume as of the rest of the Lively canon. Lively said, "To garden is to elide past, present, and future; it is a defiance of time." Today's Garden Chore Trial something this year. Experiment with a few new varieties. Notice the differences. If you've ever seen the movie Runaway Bride, with Julia Roberts, there's a scene where she (Maggie) and Richard Gere (Ike) are arguing about eggs. Throughout the movie, Ike has been interviewing her former fiancés. He'd ask them how Maggie liked her eggs cooked. Maggie never formulated her own opinion, she just ordered whatever her fiancé ordered. Take basil.  How can you know if you prefer Mammoth or Purple Ruffles until you've grown or cooked with both? Whatever plants you think you love, the odds are good you'll love a variation of it even more.     Something Sweet  Reviving the little botanic spark in your heart In 1855, Darwin wrote to William Darwin Fox I am rather low today about all my experiments,—everything has been going wrong—the fan-tails have picked the feathers out of the Pouters in their Journey home—the fish at the Zoological Gardens after eating seeds would spit them all out again—Seeds will sink in salt-water—all nature is perverse & will not do as I wish it, & just at present I wish I had the old Barnacles to work at & nothing new.   It was just a bad day. 23 years later - in 1878 on this day, he wrote to Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer "At present I care for nothing in this wide world except the biology of seedling plants."       Thanks for listening to the daily gardener, and remember: "For a happy, healthy life, garden every day."

Subscribe Install Share
The Daily Gardener

Thank you for your subscription

For a better experience, also consider installing the application.

Install